文獻名：Synthesis and Concentration of Organosols of Silver Nanoparticles Stabilized by AOT: Emulsion Versus Microemulsion
作者：Alexander I. Bulavchenko†, Aida T. Arymbaeva†, Marina G. Demidova†, Pavel S. Popovetskiy*† , Pavel E. Plyusnin† , and Olga A. Bulavchenko‡
† Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry SB RAS, 3 Acad. Lavrentiev Avenue, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
‡ Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, 5 Acad. Lavrentiev Avenue, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
摘要：In this work, we tried to combine the advantages of microemulsion and emulsion synthesis to obtain stable concentrated organosols of Ag nanoparticles, promising liquid-phase materials. Starting reagents were successively introduced into a micellar solution of sodium bis-(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT) in n-decane in the dynamic reverse emulsion mode. During the contact of the phases, Ag+ passes into micelles and Na+ passes into emulsion microdroplets through the cation exchange AOTNaOrg + AgNO3Aq = AOTAgOrg + NaNO3Aq. High concentrations of NaNO3 and hydrazine in the microdroplets favor an osmotic outflow of water from the micelles, which reduces their polar cavities to ∼2 nm. As a result, silver ions are contained in the micelles, and the reducing agent is present mostly in emulsion microdroplets. The reagents interact in the polar cavities of micelles to form ∼7 nm Ag nanoparticles. The produced nanoparticles are positively charged, which permitted their electrophoretic concentration to obtain liquid concentrates (up to 30% Ag) and a solid Ag–AOT composite (up to 75% Ag). Their treatment at 250 °C leads to the formation of conductive films (180 mOhm per square). The developed technique makes it possible to increase the productivity of the process by ∼30 times and opens up new avenues of practical application for the well-studied microemulsion synthesis.